The term "exlibris" comes from Latin and means "from books". In fact, it's a small graphic card inserted in a book which also indicates whose the book is or from which library it comes from. National Museum Library owns the second largest collection of exlibris in Czech Republic. The current exhibition in National Memorial on the Vítkov Hill entitled "Ta kniha patří mě! Historie českého exlibris do roku 1945" (The Book Belongs to Me: The History of Bohemian Exlibris until 1945) presents the story of exlibris from the 16th century to 1945 in czech lands territory. The exhibition was created in cooperation with the Association of Collectors and Friends of Exlibris on the occasion of celebration of its foundation's 100th anniversary. It can be seen both historical and modern exlibris, e. g. from libraries of pre-modern aristocracy (Petr Vok of Rožmberk or Kryštof Wenceslas of Nostic) or from collections of modern czech cultural personalities (for instance the exlibris of Josef Mánes from 1868). The exhibition will also expose how exlibris are created. So, the visitors could see printing blocks and engravings, instruments, historical presses or artifacts concernig the phenomenon of the origin and development of exlibris collections in our country.
The exhibition, which took place in Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures, closes the exhibition cycle „Money“ and gives us insight into the life of farmstead at the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Thanks to exposition in the form three-part house with the court can visitors imagine many aspects of former countryside life e.g. animal husbandry, cultivation of land, production of food or indispensability of craft manufactory. Except of hard work brought life on the countryside also celebrations, feasts and festivals. The exhibiton gives us sense both of everyday and celebration life of our ancestors, using interactive elements, unique pictures from the Etnograhical Department of National Museum and plenty of other authentic exhibits.
The exhibition „Death the Grandmother“ is an initiation of exhibition cycle „Death“, which is prepared by National Museum to the season 2014-15. Visitors can become familiar with the theme of the „death“ in the Czech Museum of Music, where it is exposed as a one of the strongest inspiration source of the music as well as literature, theatre or fine arts. As exactly reminds the under-title of the exhibition, art depiction of the death both in the far and near history helps us to understand our relation to the world and life in general. Among exposed exhibits we can find e.g. renesaince illuminations, baroque hymna or drawings of artists from concentration camps.
Members of general public have opened their family albums and provided pictures, which are related to the everyday and celebration life of their ancestors of the period 1848-1918. Thus, it succeeds to prepare the exhibiton Man in photography, which describes everyday life in the Habsburg monarchy using pictures from family celebrations, cultural enterprises, social life and family journeys. Public collection took place in 2012-2013 within exhibition cycle Monarchy.
Readers have got mostly no idea about serie of several acts precedes the birth of a book. Work of illustrator, graphic designer and printer in the process of letterpress are presented in virtual version of exhibition, which took place in the Central Bohemian Research Library in Kladno in 2013. The exhibition performed almost all techniques used in 20the century. Visitors can imagine typeseting of metal letters or use of printing block with illustration also thanks to exhibits from the Department of book culture of National Museum´s Library.
Unique collection concerned with the revolution year1989 was gained within public collection actions of project Europeana 1989. Anybody could contribute with documents, photos or own memories, which are connected with events of the year 1989 in former Czechoslovakia. It succeeded in gathering prints, commercial posters, postcards and photos, but also historical appliances or toys. Acquired artifacts from the breaktrough age show the memories and image of everyday life both official and personal.
Visitors of the Regional Museum in Teplice have got an opportunity to see the exhibition composed of 45 paintings, drawings, graphicla lists and sculptures by 19 eminent czech artists, who worked in years 1922-1980. This exhibition takes place from 11th December 2014. Visitors can see the artworks e.g. by Emil Fila, Jan Zrzavý, František Muzika, Jiří Trnka, Václav Špála and the other. Paintings come from the heritage of Teplice artist and poet Josef Honys (1919-1969). Most artworks was exposed last in the pre-World War II period. The exhibition is organized in tribute to 120th anniversary of foundation local Museum club and it will last to 15th March 2015.
The exhibition „Money“ shows the phenomenon of money in wide cultural context and thus depicts also „both sides of coin“ of money. The exhibiton displays gaining and losing of money, its surfeit and shortage, utilization and misuse. Exposed artworks were the rarest artifacts of National Museum collections and other institutions. It is necessary to mention e.g. the biggest diamond of czech museum collections, luxury jewels of Ema Destinová and exhibits from history of currency.
Main task of the exhibition was to bring near an image of celtic and greek culture and everyday life (e.g. housing and clothing). Thus, visitors could see among many exhibits e.g. reconstruction of antic house and celtic half-dugouts. Part of the exhibition also consists of haptic track, which brings an experience of exhibition also to blind visitors.
The exhibition took place within cycle „Money“ in the season 2013-2014. Overseas discoveries brought to early modern Europe unprecedented wealth in the form of precious metals, new crops, but also slavery. The exhibition showed, what overseas discoveries meant for Europe as well as for colonized countries far over the sea. A sort of rare exhibits from National museum´s collections but also borrowed from foreign museum institutions exposed, how that two worlds clashed, connected and affected together. So, visitor´s could meet documents, maps and artwork artifact connected with the age of discoveries and its crucial protagonists – seafarers, conquerors, missionaries, pirates or natives.
National Monument on the hill Vítkov invites us to the exhibition, which is dedicated to complicated relation of music and politics. Musical teasers and other additional material shows, what mighty instrument of political propaganda can be a music and also with which repressions had to cope the musicians in socialist Czechoslovakia. The exhibition reminds also the important role of music in the Czech statehood buildings. This theme is displayed using many rare artifacts, e.g. original partitures of the Smetana´s 1848 Song of Freedom or Ema Destinová´s diadem from opera Libuše.
The exhibition presents the transformation of Czech publisher advertising on specific objects from the years 1832-1998 from the rich collection of Book Culture Department of National Museum Library. It introduces convincing function (national, social, ideological and commercial undertone) and artistic editing (works by famous Czech illustrators and graphic designers) of the advertising. Thereby it shows also important publishing houses of 19th and 20th century and their wide range to public (I. L. Kober, F. Šimáček, F. Topič, J. Otto, Aventinum, Družstevní práce – Cooperative Work). There are also exhibits presenting period of exclusively state-controlled publishing business after 1949 (Svoboda - Liberty, Československý spisovatel – Czechoslovak Writer, Albatros, Academia) as well as the re-development of private publishing business after 1989.
The exhibition is focused on the phenomenon of Silesia administration from Middle Ages until 1918. It shows the bequest of mayor noble families and representatives of Church, towns and rural areas in this region. From Middle Ages to the year 1918 there were changing important european dynasties: the Piasts, the Přemyslids, the House of Luxembourg, the Jagiellonian dynasty, the House of Habsbourg, the House of Hohenzollern and the Liechtenstein dynasty. The exhibition is exceptional because of its transregional overlap – about 260 exhibits come not only from the Silesian Museum, but also from many other inland and foreign institutions. For example, the visitors can look through portraits of important sovereigns: among others Maria Theresia and Joseph II. and the Princes of Liechtenstein (Karl I. and Karl Eusebius). A range of different memorable exhibit is worthy of attention - for example a flag of Prince Adam Václav Těšínský from 1605. The exhibition The Country and its Lord will last till 5th July 2015.
The exhibition will guide the visitors through changes which marked the landscape distinctly in the past. Within the project „Restless Century“ the exhibition is focused especially on the 20th century, when changes in the landscape were the most remarkable. Essential influence on the landscape look came from the development of settlements, roads, changes in agriculture and forestry etc. With the rise and upturn of industry during 19th and 20th century, the interventions into landscape are enormous and very fast. The exhibition focuses on examples of the most significant and important changes and interventions into landscape of Silesia, such as quarries, reservoirs, highways and industrialisation as a phenomenon typical for a part od Silesia.
The exhibition focuses on the relationship of versatile Czech artist Josef Váchal (1884-1969) to occultism and esoteric. It contains a selection of works on this topic, especially from his early period, in the style of Symbolism and Decadence. The exhibition is also showing yet still unknown Váchal‘s manuscripts. Exhibition authors transferred some of Váchal's notes and sketches on the walls of the exhibition rooms in large format and thus gave visitors the opportunity to completely immerse in the world of the artist. The exhibition was held from 17th September 2014 to 4th January 2015 in the Stone Bell House in Prague. This was followed by an exhibition named „Josef Váchal: Wrote, engraved, printed and bound“, held in the Gallery of West Bohemia in Pilsen. National Museum Library cooperated on both exhibitions in the role of lender of rare original Váchal‘s works.
Czech writer and explorer Archibald Václav Novák became famous in the 20s and 30s of the 20th century as the author of spicy novels and stories set in exotic countries. In his works he richly drawn from the experience gained during his stay in the USA and Tahiti and later on the journey to South and Southeast Asia, China and Japan. In Czechoslovakia Novak organized popular travelogues about his journeys, accompanied by a screening of "light paintings" - hand-colored glass slides. In 2011 the National Museum obtained a large photographic inheritance of A. V. Novák, which illustrates uniquely his lecture activities. Our virtual exhibition presents a selection of three lectures about his journey to Asia.
Games and toys are an integral part of a child's world, regardless of cultural inclusion. African toys are frequently made of light wood, but nowadays recycled materials are increasingly used for their production. Among the toys we find animals made of old plastic bags, cars made of used packings, boats made of old sneakers, etc. Fantasy and creativity in this matter has no limits. In the collections of Náprstek Museum there are imposed several hundred toys and puppets of African provenance that bring near not only traditional African culture, but also refer to the rapidly changing contemporary society, which is quickly taking over trends coming from Europe.
On 9th February an exhibition "The Story of Bohemian Glass" was opened in Seoul, Korea. A set of almost 300 exhibits was selected to present historical and regional development of glass production in Czech lands. Visitors of the Korean National Museum have great opportunity to get acquainted with the world-famous phenomenon of "Bohemian glass". Apart from rare glass products the exhibition consists of other works of art that complete overall picture of Czech and Central European culture. The exhibition is a symbol of Czech-Korean cultural cooperation, and its opening is part of celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations.
The exhibition Jan Hus unique exhibits from the collections of the National Museum (1415-2015), subtitled Master Jan Hus and his legacy reminds through selected objects from the collections of the Museum of the 600th anniversary of the burning of Jan Hus in Constance. Some subjects are presented to the public for the first time, eg. a multicolored stained glass depicting the burning of Jan Hus and eight noble coats of arms or preparatory painting by the German painter Karl Friedrich Lessing to his famous oil Hussite preaching. Further there are exposed authentic items from the imprisonment of Jan Hus, historical manuscripts of his works and coins that reflect the everyday life of Czech countries in the Middle Ages. The exhibition runs from June 5 to July 12, 2015 in New building of the National Museum.
As the legendary Noah´s Ark rescued all animal species on the Earth from Biblical flood, so this zoological and paleolontogical exhibition has become a „rescue boat“ for some exhibits during the reconstruction of National Museum´s head building. Visitors can familiarize with various animal species and its enviroment of several continents. Some exhibits are situated out of vitrines, almost within arm´s reach. Along with interactive elements, chiefly the a model of Ark with accessible deck and lower deck, all these exhibition components could help to great experience of visitors. This exhibition is placed in the New building of the National Museum.
On the occasion of Ice Hockey World Championships, which takes place in Prague this year, we present a few examples from the collections of the National Museum. This virtual exhibition presents promotional materials, artifacts and historic moments of Czech hockey, which marked the world history.
The exhibition ,A glance back through ethnography‘ with the subtitle ,Czech Farmhouse Today' is devoted to the 120th anniversary of the Czech-Slavonic Ethnographic Exhibition held in 1895 in Prague. The title of the exhibition was inspired by the Jubilee Exhibition of 1891, which displayed Czech Farmhouse as an example of a traditional homestead. The Czech-Slavonic Ethnographic Exhibition is commemorated by interestings items, for example architectural models, pieces of folk art, pieces of folk costumes and textiles, not to mention souvenirs such as cups, tablecloths and fans featuring motifs of the Ethnographic Exhibition.
The exhibition Middle Kingdom presents more than 1000-year period of Chinese history. The exhibits come exclusively from the collections of the Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures. Many of them are being exhibited for the first time in the history of the Museum. Exhibited items document the contact of China with both near and distant countries, the influence of Buddhism, technological and aesthetic development of ceramics and porcelain, blending of craft techniques in working with metal, as well as the beauty of traditional Chinese painting.
This year is 150th anniversary of Austro-Prussian War. Seven weeks‘ military conflict was a significant event of 2nd half of the 19th century, that had distinctly influenced political direction of Europe. Museum of Eastern Bohemia in Hradec Králové commemorates this war in special lectures and the exhibition called In the Shadow of War 1866. It is possible to visit the exhibition and see these artifacts from 1st July to 13th November 2016. For more information see the website of the museum.
Fashion and sport are historically connected. Original need of suitable clothing for sport activities has always been adapted to fashion trends of the time. Growing popularity of sport had brought a necessity for athletes to participate in social events organized in honor of different contests and races, and then a necessity to wear clothes that meet requirement of the etiquette and fashion trends. We introduce you clothes and accessories from the Collection of Physical Education and Sport, accompanied with drawings by Šárka Rámišová.
Retro is an inseperable part of social life not only in Czech country in last decades. Nostalgic return to the recent period became the issue of movies, books and exhibitions. However, retro doesn't present only past time we reminisce about but it is chiefly phenomenon which uses or refers to the past in present connotations. Historical inspiration is apparent in modern technologies, design, toy production, applied arts and also fashion. Thus, these are the subject of National Museum exhibition called Retro. In the field of fashion, the exhibition includes vintage clothes and its copies as well as pieces only inspired by various historical fashion. In this sense, the exhibition shows retro as not only a recent but also as an universal social phenomenon across space and time. For instance, exhibition returns to the 19th century and also presents non-European dimension of retro. Exhibition tries to find the relationship between past and present in general way. Thus, it performs historical clothing just next to the up-to-date fashion. Let´s inspire with a beauty which doesn´t get old!
Water goblin (also Vodyanoy, Nix and Water sprite) is probably the most famous and popular fairytale creature in Czech. In traditional popular culture it was downright bad and tricky monster lived in depths of rivers, brooks, rivulets, creeks and ponds; in millstreams and abandoned pools. Further, it was a trickster who broke ice floes, heaved rivers and water streaks, tore water-dams, caused floods and lured people to the water and drown them. Lately in czech fairy tales, water goblins changed to the good men with a long green hair, tobacco pipe and tailcoat with ribbons; supranatural green creatures who tried to attract young ladies and pull them under the water. These are two opposed interpretations which occured in many fairy tales, legends, stories and also in other kinds of folklore artworks. Ongoing exhibition in Museum of Czech Puppets and Circus in Prachatice presents almost 30 puppets of Water Goblins from National Museum Theatre Collection Department . This exhibition reflects also various kinds of depiction of this creature by eminent Czech national painters, writers and other artists. Go ahead under water surface!
Eminent sculptor Juraj Hovorka was born on 17th May 1926 in Vikýřovice. Regional Museum in Šumperk organizes the exhibiton dedicated to 90th anniversary of his birth. Exhibition offers the overview of diverse artworks of the sculptor who imprinted not only in the landscape of Slovenian capital city thanks to his exterior sculpture realizations but also in general development of plastic art in the whole country. Exhibition presents examples of Hovorka´s sculptures, drawings, paintings, art-jewellery. In addition, his exterior sculpture realizations are presented in the form of large-format photography images. Exhibition is opened until 13th November 2016 and takes place in exhibition hall of Reginal Muzeum in Šumperk More information on museum website.
Olympic posters have always been tasked to promote subsequent games. Formed a series of posters which should include references to the Olympic symbolism was evident influence on their venue and style of the period in which incurred, including contemporary design elements. A big part of the space occupied by only painting titled venues and BC. Since 1928 were an integral part of most posters Olympic rings. The emergence Olympic poster was initiated through a competition, which was proclaimed and announced by the organizing committee of games. This contest is open to all artists from the host country. In some cases, there were some artists or art studio for creating the poster directly asked. Often they were issued strict rules on what motives makers have to work on their posters. Archives of Physical Education and Sport holds one of the largest collections of sports and physical education posters in the world. Currently, the number of posters 9600 pieces. At the exhibition Olympic poster we want to get acquainted with a collection of posters from the Olympic games from this collection.
Year project of research and presentation of different perspectives on the cultural heritage of Silesia this year closes the exhibition, which will actually generously designed epilogue of this series. Embark on a journey through the 20th century, which, thanks to five different themed sections introduce in its diversity and richness. Do not miss the opportunity to remember key moments in history, to experience the drama of war, to enjoy the fruits of artistic and literary culture of the region and become familiar with the changes in the daily life of its inhabitants. It is in this context introduce visitors to the exhibition building Historical period 1900-1989, with the necessary overlap before and after this time interval. The vision here is not only a number of unique exhibits from our collections, as well as loans from partner institutions and last but not least, also objects to us some of you have donated at collection days. The basic story of the rich drama and genuine 'restless' century completed a new installation of selected parts of exposure Encyclopedia of Silesia. You can look forward to the launch of a brand new arrangement of parts related to housing. Complete transformation we will see, for example, also CERAMICS or textiles, a phenomena that in the period actually undergone a radical transformation. The basic part of the exhibition will introduce the idyll of the last days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the advent of communism and the fifties along with the Soviet occupation in 1968, the economic crisis and the first years of independent Czechoslovakia, but also with everyday during the normalization and the Velvet Revolution. Does not omit any important event, whether it occurred in the days of flowers and cafes, or state-building, we take you a world where (not) begging exclaim together with us, long live the republic, and finally spend even ordinary days.
The exhibition presents in broad range and variability to visitors the issue of club life and its activities in Silesia. It covers the period of second half 19th century and first half of 20th century putting emphasis on the continuity of the chosen club activities in the course of time up to now. Attention is therefore paid to voluntary fire brigades, sport associations and tourist or shooter´s unions. From the cultural field we have to mention not only theather or singer clubs but also diveresely oriented art clubs and associations. There can´t be forgoten various number of economical and expert clubs in general, moreover also religious, scientist, educational and cultural clubs. Among other entertaining and recession clubs become apparent for instance the table society called Schlaraffia. The exhibition is enriched with loans both from several cultural-memory institutions and private persons. Thus, visitors can enjoy for instance the model of original stone lookout tower on Praděd hill or model of Jiří´s chalet on Šerák hill. The exhibition is opened to 24th February 2017 in Historical Exposition Hall of Silesian Museum.
On this exhibition having the Christmas topic are presented especially toys from the Ethnographic Museum Collection. It includes on the one hand folk wooden toys, dolls in folk costumes and also toys of city children on the other hand. Above all, lovely are wooden toys from West Bohemian village Skašov. Visitors also will be informed about the children´s clothing, which was dressed up at the Christmas table both in the city and village. There are also children´s folk costumes from Czech and Moravian country from 19th and 20th century or city ceremonial dress clothing from twenties of 20th century. The part of exhibition which takes place in one great hall of Kinsky Folly is occupied with Christmas cribs, Advent calendar or Christmas decorations of various shapes and patterns. The whole exhibition is opened to extended date of the 28th February 2017.
Send your child to czech language school, then pass the GCSE exam in the native language which will open the possibility of university education, furthermore have an opportunity to read the czech newspaper and expert or reference literature, or finally show off your political and czech ethnical opinion in public way? All of this was almost impossible in the last third of 19th century in Opava and in other places of Silesian. Great credit of progress in this way has got in Silesian region the association called "Matice opavská" whose successor´ organization "Matice slezská" will celebrate the 104th anniversary of its foundation in February 2017. The extension of ongoing exhibition called "Social-club life in Silesia" will present the perspective of history a activities of this praiseworthy organization. The exhibition is opened until 24th 2017.
The unique exhibition called "When the Emperor is Dying" is dedicated not only to the personality and significance of the Emperor Charles IV. but it is also concerned with the life of medieval society in general. At the beginning of exhibition is presented a culture of everyday life in medieval town in the period of Luxemburg governing in the form of examples from various spheres, e. g. articles of daily use, weapons, coins or architectonical fragments. Next part of the exhibition is dedicated to the theme of death and the essential function of the medieval church in this segment of human life. Main part of the exhibition is focused on the death of Emperor Charles and on the spectacular funeral ceremony which has established Emperor´s fame after his death. This "second life" of Charles and the interpretation of his personality during following centuries decribes last part of the exhibition, e. g. in the form of artworks from 19th century. The exhibition is opened until 26th March 2017.
The collection of colorized transparencies from the turn of the 19th and 20th century is the unique part of National Museum Collections. Its origin is connected with Sokol organization and Czech Tourists Club and was used as accompanying part of national history-traveling lectures. Images were screened by so called "skioptikon" (projection machine) and were popular particularly at the end of 19th century. Transparencies and photos came from the various places and locations of former Austro-Hungarian Empire and within there were also preserved the textual descriptions and characterizations for potential speaker.
One of the most basic and fundamental rituals of the human life is the courtship. In the course of time and space there were always existed various types of customs, traditions and material artifacts which were connected with this important life stage. Presented exhibition deals with the topic of courtship and wedding in the case of folklore and popular culture of Moravian countryside at the turn of 19th and 20th century. Rural and countryside cultural space was actually abundant in this customs and rituals, whether we may think precise cleaning, wedding dressing-up, preparation of hostility or the formal act of the courtship itself. The process of courtship was the matter not only of the close family but it was very often observed by almost the whole village. The exhibition pay the major attention to show the wedding "presents of love", however, it is also integrated to the related subject from Smetana´s contemporary opera "Prodaná nevěsta" (The Bartered Bride). Thus, visitors have the opportunity to see wedding folk costumes from Plzeň region from where leading figures of Smetana´s opera came. The collection of costumes is accompanied with the embroidered textile, mugs and other artifacts. After the end of exhibition is also planned a subsequent exposition which will present the wedding rituals.
Europeana 1914-1918 is a unique Europeana project, reminiscent of the 100th anniversary of the First World War. It aims to collect family memories of the "Great War" period and then publish them through the Internet. A number of European countries have already joined the project, and more than 200,000 articles have been collected at collection events. Collection days in the Czech Republic took place in April 2016 in Ponrepo Cinema in Prague and Art Cinema in Brno. Objects that have been digitized and completed with the story can now be viewed on the Europeana 1914-1918 and eSbirky . In total, there are more than 2,000 photographs, diaries, postcards, correspondence files and daily necessities from the period of the First World War. Part of this notable set of personal memories is presented on this virtual exhibition.
Don´t miss the unique exhibition devoted to generous benefactor Johann II., Prince of Liechtenstein who gifted to Silesian Museum in the period 1884-1929 not only valuable artworks from his collection, but he also provided another exhibits from foreign collections to complete museum funds. Last but not least, he gave also an estate and financial donation to the construction current Historical Exhibition Bulding.
The exhibition of The Museum of Eastern Bohemia in Hradec Králové which is called "Great Ward Round" aims to introduce visitors to the area of healthcare and social services of healthcare in Hradec Králové in First Republic period. A similar topic has not been presented to the public yet. The inspiration became the First Exhibition of Health and Hygiene held in Hradec Králové in 1925. The exhibition focuses on the construction of the General Public Hospital, the establishment of the District Social Welfare Institute, the District Care for Youth, the Development of Vocational Education and the Establishment of the Nursing School in Hradec Králové. The most rarity of the exhibition are three wheelchairs - wheelchairs for immobile and disabled patients, which belong to unique collection items within the museums of the whole Czech Republic. The exhibition's attractions and the Museum's collections include dental drills, especially foot pedal drills and also an original dental chair from 1925. The exhibition also presents the area of home care and the history of medical aids used by patients in former households.
The exhibition offers a look at two different and seemingly unrelated phenomena: World War I and Czech sports. It reminds of the fate of sports enthusiasts, amateurs and novice professionals both in the field of war and sport. Visitors get into the difficult early 20th century period mainly through a wide range of items in the form of medals, winning cups, sports equipment, or a demonstration of textiles and clothing. The exhibition can be visited at the National Memorial on Vítkov Hill until 28 February 2018.
Move yourself to New Guinea, an island known for its natural, linguistic and cultural diversity. Although Europeans discovered the island in the 16th century, its inland remained unexplored until the 20th century. The inhabitants of the island are renowned as the valiant warriors and cannibals; but today the reality is different. Take a look at the most interesting items from the exhibition that will last until September 2017 in the Náprstek Museum.
In folk tradition the wedding meant a new life stage for a young couple in legal, economic and religious terms. The exhibition at the Ethnographic Museum in Prague focuses on all important aspects of the traditional wedding in the Czech and Moravian countryside in the 19th and 20th century. Visitors can look forward to wedding costumes from different regions and other objects connected with many forgotten wedding traditions and customs. The exhibition is open until 31st January 2018.
The answer for the question what happens when a classical Czech fairy tale inspires a composer, book illustrator or a joker, was given from the new exhibition named Music and Fairy Tale. Visitor's journey leads from the cottage of Simple Honza through the mysterious forest, by a dragon’s den, past a cabinet with magical musical instruments and all the way to the forbidden 13th chamber. In a world full of stories sounds classical music, movie songs and other popular hits. Also beloved fictitious books and the names of well-known and lesser-known composers and artists will be mentioned.
The exhibition "Masaryk as a Phenomenon" reminds the personality of the first president of Czechoslovakia who died 80 years before (1937). The exhibition organized by National Museum presents him in a different way than other traditional interpretations and clichés, e.g. "President Liberator" or "daddy". It is divided into three parts and shows Masaryk as an ordinary man, his personality in public space and the construction of his image both as a national outcast and hero. There are also described his personal relations, ideas, beliefs, attitudes and so on. National Museum also prepared the section for children which included in particular imaginary long "line" with funny paintings and drawings within special tasks and challenges. The exhibition takes place in National Museum New Building until 31th January 2018.
In the course of the nineteenth century the Modern Czech nation was influenced and shaped by a lot of factors. One of the important part of the process of construction of national identity was the creation of the relation to the landscape as a national "home" or motherland. This process was accelerated from the sixties of 19th century due to the turbulent development of social, cultural and political spheres of life in former Habsburg Monarchy. In this time the landscape was gradually becoming the important scene of national and political life, e.g. so called "people's camps", mass political meetings after Austro-Hungarian Compromise in 1867. Various natural landmarks and places (hills Říp and Blaník or rivers Vltava and Labe for instance) connected with Czech history gained symbolical and almost mythical meanings as the substitutes of failures in national and political emancipation. Landscape as a national symbol was also very useful subject for artist, composers and writers. The artworks of Bedřich Smetana, Julius Mařák or Jaroslav Vrchlický are the inseparable part of Czech cultural heritage now adays.