New and Trivia
The sources have not been unanimous as to the exact date when the first book was printed on a printing press - a device invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the middle of 15th century. However, by common consent, it is the 42-Line Bible in Latin which is considered his most important print. In the National Museum’s collection called Printing press – the memories, you can see objects like printing pins, galleys and process-blocks, which were used, alongside with other artefacts, for mechanical reproduction. On esbirky.cz, you can also get online access to Czech most widespread edition of Melantrich’s Bible from 16th century. With the invention of the printing press, large scale print reproduction had been made possible, changing thus the nature of the world of information for the mankind once and for all.
Jan Evangelista Purkyně
It was 182 years ago when an important Czech scientist and polymath Jan Evangelista Purkyně formulated his theory on cellular structure of animals, laying the foundations for the study of a new branch of science – the cytology. In the illustrations about the scientist’s life and work by Zdeňek Burian, which were published in the Edition of Science for Youth, he is depicted thinking by the Plössl’s microscope or demonstrating his new extraordinary invention – kinesiscope. The device was used for animation of objects and today it has been part of the collections of National Technical Museum. You can also see the device here, in the photo on eSbirky.
Back to school!
Today, 2 September, it is the first day of school for schoolchildren. If you want to know how the school enviroment looked like in 19th and 20th century, you can access a new virtual exhibition called Back to school! Here you can see school stuff and school photographs from the collection of eSbírky.